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New Anchor
Tue Sep 22 0:00:00 EDT 2009

Issuma is the red boat behind the white-and-blue fishing boat, Adamantina. Adamantina has the kind of anchor (Northill style) typically seen on Brazilian fishing boats. These anchors are made to order by boatyards.

I had wanted a bigger anchor for a long time. I tried to buy a Rocna, because their 55kg (120lb) model seemed the size I wanted, but Rocnas are not really available in much of South America. In Florianapolis, quite near to where I am now, Ancora Latina makes their Raya anchors. While the very helpful Ancora Latina folks did not have an anchor size that was as heavy as I wanted, their 40kg (88lb) anchor seemed like it would work well for my boat, AND they were willing to bring the anchor over and put it aboard to see if it would fit. Fitting a new anchor can be a big deal, so I took them up on their offer, they drove over with their Raya 2500 and we put it aboard and saw that it would fit with some work.

The boatyard added another anchor roller beside the existing ones, made a lock mechanism to hold the anchor securely in place, and made a cleat (in Brazil, cleats tend to be made, not bought) to tie the anchor down for additional security (it is very important not to have a heavy, sharp anchor ever get loose at sea).

Tue Sep 22 15:00:33 EDT 2009 | George Ray
Raya anchor looks promising !
Wed Sep 23 9:06:43 EDT 2009 | Ben
88 Lbs??? That will be a workout, especially if using rode rather than chain!!! LOL
Wed Sep 23 10:35:05 EDT 2009 | Richard Hudson
Sailboats are great inventions for exercise :)
New Anchor Rope Reel
Mon Sep 21 0:00:00 EDT 2009

The picture is looking down into the forepeak. The white rope (polyester) is wound onto a stainless steel reel that was built for this space. There is 70m of anchor chain in the chain locker, and not really room for any more chain.

The purpose of the rope is to attach it to the anchor chain, so when anchoring in deep water, 70 metres of chain and up to about 100 metres of rope can be used. This should make it reasonable to anchor in up to about 50 metres of water. As the anchor winch is not designed for rope, anchoring in water that deep is expected to result in good exercise bringing the anchor up :).

Mon Sep 21 12:52:47 EDT 2009 | Scott
Hi Richard,
Been following you since you left and love the pics and history as well as the maintenance and customization of Issuma. Looks and sounds like an incredible journey. Thanks for sharing! I was wondering what exercises you do to stay in ship shape ;-)
Mon Sep 21 17:31:25 EDT 2009 | Richard Hudson
Hi Scott,


As for what exercises I do to stay in shape, well, actually, I just go sailing. Sailing a 21ton schooner offshore is an effective method of weight control :).

Caulking Wooden Deck
Sun Sep 20 0:01:00 EDT 2009, Navegantes, SC, Brazil

After the sting-like stuff has been put between the planks, a thick, hot liquid called asphaltum is poured into the space between the planks by the ever-smiling grandfather in the picture. The asphaltum is prepared by melting it in old paint cans over a wood fire.

Caulking Wooden Deck
Sun Sep 20 0:00:00 EDT 2009, Navegantes, SC, Brazil

To stop water going between the planks on the deck of my neighbor's wooden fishing boat, string-like stuff which expands when wet is pounded between the planks.

Paraty Igreja
Sat Sep 19 8:35:32 EDT 2009, Parati, RJ, Brazil

Just to break up the boat maintenance pictures, here is a church (igreja) in Paraty.

Sat Sep 19 21:28:03 EDT 2009 | George Conk
Looks just like the Church in my neighborhood in India! just north of Bombay 40 years ago where I was assigned to a Catholic! fishermen's coop in a town call Vasai.

There was a huge old fort built by Portuguese.

And I went fishing on boats like this:
- George
Mon Sep 21 9:59:10 EDT 2009 | Richard Hudson
Didn't realize you used to live in India, George. The boat in the link looks interesting.
Bars on the Windows
Wed Sep 16 11:06:59 EDT 2009, Navegantes, SC, Brazil

The windows in the pilothouse were old and getting hard to see thru (polycarbonate fogs up after a few years of exposure to sun), so they were replaced with thicker ones, and reinforcing bars were added to the middle of the window to make them stronger.

New Water Injection Elbow
Tue Sep 15 12:00:00 EDT 2009, Navegantes, SC, Brazil

To cool the exhaust, seawater is pumped into the exhaust system. It is done at a piece called a seawater injection elbow (since it is usually bent)--the odd-looking stainless steel piece in the picture of the back of the engine.

When I got the boat, there was a tiny leak in the seawater injection elbow, which really wasn't a problem...just put a small amount of water in the boat, but eventually it would rust out enough to put a lot of water and fumes in the boat, so I wanted to replace it at some point. It is hard to import parts into Brazil, and people are used to making more than ordering, so they made this one for me (and also a spare one, because the hot exhaust gases will eventually corrode this one also).

Tue Sep 15 19:47:19 EDT 2009 | george Ray
WOW! Great looking work. Please post detailed location for this yard.
Fri Sep 18 10:32:55 EDT 2009 | Richard Hudson
26 52.8'S, 48 40.4'W, a few miles up Rio Itajai, on the starboard side. Brazil chart Porto de Itajai (Brazil charts are freely downloadable from ).
Great boatyard
Mon Sep 14 19:32:26 EDT 2009, Navegantes, SC, Brazil

Now that I've been in this boatyard over a week, I can tell that I got lucky with the choice of boatyards. The boatyard I am in, Soldex Estaleiro, is great at getting stuff done correctly and on time. Communication is interesting, as I can barely speak Portuguese, but my neighbor kindly helps out with translations of many things.

In the picture, a new cleat (built from the stainless steel pole the old wind generator was mounted on) is being added.

Unloading Fish
Sat Sep 12 19:30:37 EDT 2009, Angra Dos Reis, RJ, Brazil

Besides being a transportation hub for the area around Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis is also an active fishing port. Each fishing boat seems to own its own truck.

Sun Sep 13 5:53:08 EDT 2009 | George Ray
You seem to be liking Brazil pretty much. How does it compare/contrast with Uruguay/Argentina for boating folks in terms of cost and officialdom? Are you going to get some more Issuma shipyard work done and if so what projects are high on the list.
Mon Sep 14 16:22:27 EDT 2009 | Richard Hudson
Brazil is more expensive than Argentina and Uruguay.

In major ports in Brazil, there are four offices (Health, Immigration, Customs, Port Captain) that must be visited when entering or leaving a port. Some states don't make you go to all the offices, but most of the ones I've been to do.

Uruguay makes you check in by radio when passing each coastal radio station, but is otherwise easy on the officialdom. Argentina mostly just requires you to notify the coastguard within 24 hours every time you go to a different port.
Paraty Streets Dry
Thu Sep 10 18:41:03 EDT 2009, Parati, RJ, Brazil

I mentioned that the streets in Paraty flood at high water at spring tides. Here they are dry.

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