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Channel Entrance
Wed Feb 16 8:44:06 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

The entrance to the harbor Issuma is in is to the right of the green daymark

Channel Marker
Wed Feb 9 7:21:05 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

The red nun buoy in this picture is much easier to recognize than the one in yesterday's picture that was loaded with ice. This buoy is around a bend in the channel, so it doesn't get the breaking waves that the outer buoy does...I believe that is why it is not covered in ice. This part of the channel still gets swell coming in, which breaks up the ice.

Channel Marker
Tue Feb 8 10:32:04 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

Below and to the left of the lighthouse, what looks like a floating piece of ice is actually a red nun (buoy with a pointed top), marking the entrance channel to the harbor.

Sat Mar 5 10:32:32 EST 2011 | Bonnie
oh my!
Thu Feb 3 17:10:48 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

Wed Feb 2 18:27:16 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

It warmed up to -10C (14F) and got windy last night and this morning. This is the entrance to the harbor where Issuma is. The waves broke up the ice a fair way into the harbor, but not as far as Issuma, which is still frozen into the ice.

Mon Feb 7 18:30:24 EST 2011 | Timothy
Your current scenario is very Endurance-like. At least you don't need to resort to eating only penguins. Although I hear you can cook ribs quite effectively aboard.
Tue Feb 8 8:31:39 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
I'm finding it difficult to write about sailing while frozen in the ice and not sailing :). Fortunately the boat is in no danger of being crushed by pack ice, as it is docked in a very well-protected harbor.
Cold Water
Mon Jan 24 11:03:22 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

Outside the harbor yesterday, when it was cold (-19C/-4F). The misty areas of the picture are steam coming off the water and steam from the spray when the water hits the ice-covered rocks.

Today it warmed up enough to snow (for those not used to cold climates, snow requires clouds and clouds reflect heat back to the surface, so the coldest temperatures happen when there are no clouds--ie when it is not snowing).

Mon Jan 24 14:17:23 EST 2011 | Brian
Nain harbor, 24 January 2011
Mon Jan 24 17:33:49 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
Thanks for the link, Brian. It certainly is surprising to see so little ice in Nain harbor in January.
Tue Feb 1 14:19:35 EST 2011 | christina
warm greetings from the frosty south, dear Issuma!
Tue Feb 1 17:35:42 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
Thanks, Christina. I see NYC is in for freezing rain tonight. Hope you are warm and dry.
Sun Jan 23 16:29:33 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

In contrast to the previous picture of sailing on a beautiful summer day in Labrador, here is where Issuma is today, locked in the ice, which is now covered with snow. Being covered with snow means the ice wont get thicker as quickly (because snow is a good insulator), which is good, as the thicker the ice is, the longer Issuma will be stuck in the ice.

Mon Jan 24 6:59:40 EST 2011 | yann
nice picture,
and nice boat, isn't she?
Mon Jan 24 10:45:50 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
Thanks, Yann. Yes, she's a nice boat.

Are you thinking you want her back :)
Mon Jan 24 12:30:20 EST 2011 | Jerry Levy
What's the blue boat on the far side of the harbor?
Mon Jan 24 17:32:19 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
I dont really know anything about the blue sailboat on the other side of the harbor. It is docked in a yacht club (I'm docked at a marina). I assume it is being lived aboard, otherwise it would have been hauled for the winter, but I've never seen anyone aboard.
Tue Jan 25 12:26:19 EST 2011 | yann
no, Richard, I am happy to see her with you where you are
Fri Jan 21 7:53:58 EST 2011

As Issuma is still frozen into the ice, I can only dream about sailing :), so here is a picture of Issuma this summer in Labrador.

Fri Jan 21 14:41:43 EST 2011 | Brian
Apart from white hills it almost no change.
Fri Jan 21 15:26:24 EST 2011 | Jerry Levy
Happy new year, Richard! It's snowing a little in NYC now but I imagine it's no where near as cold as where you are now. I envy you being on the water, though. Best wishes.
Jerry, s/v 'Kama'
Sun Jan 23 8:51:38 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
Brian, I'm amazed there is still no ice in Labrador.

Jerry, Happy New Year. I imagine one could still go sailing in NY harbor now, which would really be nice. Is your boat out of the water for the winter? While there is open water less than 100m from me, the boat is firmly enough held to the dock by the ice that I'm not going anywhere until it melts.
Sun Jan 23 12:49:17 EST 2011 | Jerry Levy
Yes, my (35'9" steel double-headsail rigged) sloop boat is in winter storage now in New London, CT. I haven't seen any sails in NY Harbor recently, but I remember well sailing with you 3 years ago this month in the harbor (the last time on Super Bowl Sunday) on 'Rosemary Ruth'. That was fun! I hope she finds a new owner who can give her the attn. she deserves. A truly beautiful boat - as is your current boat. I see you've discovered the virtues of roller-furling headsails! Me too. You do have a chartplotter, don't you? For coastal sailing, I think the are great!
Sun Jan 23 16:02:46 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson

I have fond memories of sailing Rosemary Ruth in NY Harbor, both summer and winter.

I like the roller furling sails on Issuma, because the sails are all big (so physically harder to handle without roller furling gear) and it is a much wetter boat than Rosemary Ruth, so changing headsails on a furler-less Issuma while going to windward in a chop would be no fun.

I don't have a chartplotter on Issuma (though there is one on Rosemary Ruth), but use a laptop with charting software. A chartplotter would be better (because it is waterproof), but then I'd need all new charts, which would be really expensive. I find electronic chartplotting of any kind makes coastal sailing, especially singlehanding into harbors, much easier.
Mon Jan 24 9:57:48 EST 2011 | Jerry Levy
Well, since you have a pilothouse and an inside helm you should be able to get by with the laptop/GPS/charting software. Like radar, it's best to have it within easy sight of the helm. As for the cost of new e-charts, it really varies depending on the brand/model of chartplotter you have. I have a Garmin which is pre-loaded with all US coastal charts. The micro SD for the East coast of Canada (I'm planning on a trip to Nova Scotia this summer) cost about US $150.
Mon Jan 24 10:48:24 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
Yes, using laptops for charting only works on boats big enough to have dry places to use them from. Actually none of my instruments are easily visible from the helm, and I only steer from inside in really nasty conditions (but when sailing the windvane steers most of the time). It would be convenient to have instruments outside, but I have no faith they'd survive a big wave coming aboard if they were outside. That said, I have plans to build a box with a strong, clear, openable plastic lid that would withstand the water pressure of a wave coming aboard and mount that in the cockpit and put depth and GPS displays in it.

Best wishes on your trip to Nova Scotia, it is a nice place.
The Rope Reels
Tue Jan 18 21:58:11 EST 2011

To answer George's comment about the reels of rope on deck. One reel stores 100m (330') of 22mm(7/8") polyester and 10m chain. The other reel stores 200m (660') of 20mm (3/4") blue polyethylene rope (underneath a cover for UV protection).

These ropes are used for anchor rodes, sea anchor rodes, and as shore lines (tying the boat to shore as well as using an anchor to limit how far it will swing).

We used these ropes a lot in Labrador, where we often wanted either a second anchor or a shore line. Having reels makes it quick and easy to handle long ropes. Since it is handy to have the ropes available, I leave the reels on, even when not expecting to need them for anchoring, or shore lines.

The disadvantage of having these reels is that they are pretty heavy when the rope is on them, which is weight in the wrong place, and also that thay stick out, so the boat cannot go alongside a wall on the port side. Not being able to go alongside a wall on the port side is usually not a big deal, and has only occasionally been an inconvenience.

The rope reels are stainless steel with plywood bolted onto the ends. There is a solid stainless steel rod going through them which they turn on.

The picture was taken this summer in Hudson Strait. In the background is an ice floe with two seals on it.

Mon Jan 17 16:48:34 EST 2011, Toronto, Canada

Much less appealing a picture than one of sailing in Labrador in summer, this is how Issuma looks now, frozen into the ice. Note the icicles that have formed on the chimney.

Forecast is for warmer weather tomorrow, though not warm enough to melt the ice around the boat :(.

Mon Jan 17 18:05:33 EST 2011 | george ray
Any thoughts of spraying foam on the inside of the hull to improve insulation? How many BTU's do you have in your two heaters? What temperature do they keep the cabin and at what fuel consumption?
Tue Jan 18 22:10:09 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
I like the thought of being able to inspect the inside of the hull plating, so do not want to spray foam in. The fitted extruded polystyrene foam that the boat has is not a lot of insulation for a cold climate, but increasing the thickness of the insulation would seem to be a great deal of work.

The BTU/hour rating of the Sigmar 120 diesel heater in the pilothouse is 5,000-12,000. The BTU/hour rating of the Dickinson Alaska diesel heater up forward is 6,500-16,250. I am in the process of replacing the Sigmar 120 with a Dickinson Lofoten, which has a BTU/hour rating the same as the Alaska, but should put out a lot more heat.

With the two heaters I have, the boat can be kept 25 degrees C (~45F) above the 0utside temperature, or 20 degrees C above the outside temperature when it is windy. I am hoping the bigger heater in the pilothouse will improve things.
Thu Jan 20 6:40:25 EST 2011 | georgelewisray
INSULATION PAINTS: Colvin for years has had links to insulating paint ( ) and a similar product seems to be, ( ). I have watched the second web site for a couple of years and know some folks that used it on the interior of a glass boat and found it cut down on condensation. The testimonials on hytechsales web site are dramatic. It is pretty economical and easy to use.
Thu Jan 20 8:28:46 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
I put Thermseal (not sure if this is still around, it was one of several "original" ceramic insulating paints with NASA mentioned frequently) on much of the interior plating of Orbit II, and on the eexterior of the deck I put Delta-T (Mascoat) on the exterior of the deck of Rosemary Ruth, and Issuma.

I used the Delta-T both for insulation (mostly for keeping heat of the sun out of the interior), and for non-skid (they do not market it as non-skid), as the embedded ceramic particles mean the paint will never go on smoothly. I will soon be painting over it with epoxy with sandpaper grit particles (I am told this is what all the tugboats in NY use on their decks) to get a better non-skid surface.

My experience with the insulating paints is that they make a noticeable difference for thermal and acousitc insulation, however, they are nowhere near as effective as foam insulation. If I was ever to consider painting the bilge in Issuma, I might put a coat of thermal insulati
Fri Jan 21 6:34:12 EST 2011 | george ray
glad to hear another good story about insulating paint !! .... ENGINE as HEATER: (1) The engine when running is a great source of heat. Radiator elements such as old bus heaters can be put in the coolant circulation loop to dump heat inside. The hanging locker is perhaps 1st place to put radiator and fan so you can always have dry warm clothing. (2) My fantasy is to 12V solar hot water circulation pump to bring water from heat coil in chimney of diesel heater to engine block so that there ends up being a large block of warm cast iron in the middle of the cabin. PUMP: example=> ,,,,,, runs on photovoltaic as low as one watt, 50,000+ hour life, works up to 203 deg_f ... //// anouther =>
Fri Jan 21 7:36:43 EST 2011 | Richard Hudson
Someday, when I'm happy with my heating systems, I'll write up details of them :). In the meantime, I keep working on them. I do have a heater that runs off the engine coolant, similar to a bus heater. Its rated for 40,000 BTU/hour, but unfortunately, the way Baudoin marinized the engine, you can't get hot coolant from it--only coolant that has already passed thru the heat exchanger, so is warm not hot. As a result, it is barely noticeable when the heater is running.

Those are interesting pumps in your links.

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