Fun Facts Friday: Grenada The Spice Isle
13 December 2013 | Prickly Bay, Grenada
Grenada is a country that lies in the southeastern part of the Caribbean Sea. It is a sovereign state that includes the island of Grenada and six other smaller islands. The country has a very rich history and a culture that still shows how much regard the people have for festivals, fairs, and markets. With its pristine beaches and diverse coral reefs, it is a hot spot for many tourists.
The original inhabitants of Grenada known as the Carib Indians or Kalinago’s called it Camahogne.
The oldest record of the history of Grenada dates back to 1498, the year Columbus discovered the islands.
The French arrived in Grenada on 20th June 1650 and got engaged in a bloody campaign to take control of the island from the Caribs.
After an unsuccessful attack on the fort of St. George, the Carib were chased by the French to a steep sea side cliff. Once there, the Carib saw that they had no escape and jumped into the sea below. All those who jumped perished and that point got named ‘Le Morne des Sauteurs’ or ‘Jumpers Hill’.
After a ninety year long struggle with the British, the French finally gave control of Grenada to the British after signing the treaty of Versailles in 1783.
The first thing that the British did in Grenada was to increase the sugar plantation in Grenada. In 1795, the slaves led by Julian Fedon revolted against the plantation owners. The British quickly crushed the revolt.
The British finally abolished slavery in Grenada in 1834.
Grenada adopted its constitution on December 19, 1973 and became independent on February 7, 1974.
On October 19, 1983 Grenada was seized by a Cuban trained, Marxist military Council who then executed the Prime Minister, Maurice Bishop, and other members of his cabinet. This prompted the United States to send in troops to over-throw the military forces.
Capital of Grenada is St. George's. The city is a popular tourist destination and was built by the French in 1650.
The economy of Grenada is heavily dependent on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange. However, Grenada (also known as the Spice Isle) also exports crops, the two major crops grown in Grenada are nutmeg and cocoa. Unfortunately, both crops suffered great damage at the hands of hurricane Ivan, a Category 3 hurricane on September 2, 2004 and have not been completely re-established. Other spices grown in Grenada include mace, cinnamon, and cloves.
The highest point in Grenada is the top of ‘Mount Saint Catherine’ that sits at an altitude of 2,755 feet.
The current population estimate of Grenada stands at 107,818 as of July 2010.
Almost all the people of Grenada follow Christianity with about 53% of them being Roman Catholics, 33% being Protestants and 14% being Anglicans.
The official language of Grenada is English. Attempts have been made to revive Patois and have been successful to an extent.